What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the urinary system. This type of infection can involve your urethra (a condition called urethritis), kidneys (a condition called pyelonephritis) or bladder, (a condition called cystitis).

Your urine typically doesn’t contain bacteria (germs). Urine is a byproduct of our filtration system—the kidneys. When waste products and excess water is removed from your blood by the kidneys, urine is created. Normally, urine moves through your urinary system without any contamination. However, bacteria can get into the urinary system from outside of the body, causing problems like infection and inflammation. This is a urinary tract infection (UTI).



Signs And symptoms of Urinary tract infection

Signs and symptoms may include pain or burning during urination, cloudy or bad-smelling urine, blood in the urine, feeling a need to urinate often or right away, pain in the back or lower abdomen, fever, chills, and fatigue. Certain conditions, such as diabetes, hormone changes, kidney stones, an enlarged prostate, or a spinal cord injury, may increase the risk of a urinary tract infection. Other risk factors include radiation therapy or surgery to the pelvis, taking certain types of medicines (such as anticancer drugs), or using a catheter to empty the bladder. Urinary tract infections are common, especially in women. Also called UTI.


What are STIs?

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are also called sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs. STIs are usually spread by having vaginal, oral, or anal sex.

According to office on women’s health: More than 20 million women in the Africa and United States are diagnosed with an STI each year.  Women often have more serious health problems from STIs than men, including infertility. Some STIs can be cured and some STIs cannot be cured. For those STIs that cannot be cured, there are medicines to manage the symptoms.


What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

STDs are infections that are spread from one person to another, usually during vaginal, anal, and oral sex. They’re really common, and lots of people who have them don’t have any symptoms. Without treatment, STDs can lead to serious health problems. But the good news is that getting tested is no big deal, and most STDs are easy to treat.


What is sexually transmitted infections (STIs):

A condition in which bacteria invade and grow in the urinary tract (the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra). Most urinary tract infections occur in the bladder or urethra.

The Basics

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are infections that are passed from person to person through sexual contact. HIV is an STI. There are more than 25 other STIs that are mainly spread by sexual contact such as vaginal, anal, and oral sex. Globally, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that more than one million people get an STI every day.

STIs are also sometimes called sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). While “STD” is often used interchangeably with “STI,” they are not exactly the same. A “disease” is usually an obvious medical problem with clear signs and symptoms. “Infection” with an STI may or may not result in disease. This is why many individuals and organizations working in health are moving toward using the term “sexually transmitted infection” rather than “sexually transmitted disease.” Most people with STIs do not have any symptoms and therefore often do not know that they can pass the infection on to their sexual partner(s).

If left untreated, STIs can cause serious health problems, including cervical cancer, liver disease, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infertility, and pregnancy problems. Having some STIs (such as chancroid, herpes, syphilis, and trichomoniasis) can increase your risk of getting HIV if you are HIV-negative and are exposed to HIV. People living with HIV may also be at greater risk of getting or passing on other STIs. When people living with HIV get STIs, they can experience more serious problems from them or find it more difficult to get rid of these infections.

The US has the highest rate of STIs in the resource-rich world. In the US, about 20 million new infections occur each year. More than half of these occur among young people (15-26 years old), even though that age group accounts for only a small proportion of all sexually active people. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that the number of people who get chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis (the three nationally reportable STIs) is increasing in most years and in other countries.

There are several reasons why teenage girls and young women are more at risk for STIs. First, the cervix (passage between the vagina and womb) in young people is lined with cells that are more likely to become infected with STIs. Second, teenagers and young adults may have problems getting the information and supplies they need to avoid STIs. They may also have trouble getting STI prevention services because they do not know where to find them, do not have transportation to get there, or cannot pay for them. Even if teenagers and young women can get STI prevention services, they may not feel comfortable in places designed for adults. They may also have concerns about confidentiality.

Teenage girls and women of color have some of the highest rates of STIs, especially for chlamydia and gonorrhea.

High rates of STIs among women of color are the result of several factors, including higher rates of poverty, less access to health care, and an already high rate of STIs in communities of color.

Because there are more people with STIs in some communities, this increases a woman’s vulnerability to getting an STI each time she has sex, because potential sex partners within her community are more likely to have an STI.

Regardless of race or age, less than half of those who should be tested for STIs receive STI screening. This is especially important for women, since women suffer more frequent and more serious complications from STIs than men.

Many STIs have no symptoms but can still be passed from person to person. A lot of people who have an STI do not even know it. They may be healthy, and still have an STI.

It is not possible to tell a person has an STI just by looking at them. The only way to know for sure is to get tested – to have regular sexual health screenings by your health care provider.

While many people with STIs show no signs or symptoms of their infection, when there are signs of STIs, they are most likely to be in the genital area.

The genital area in some people, including cisgender women, includes the vulva (the area around the vagina including the lips), vagina (the opening where menstrual blood comes out), buttocks, urethra (the opening above the vagina where urine comes out) and anus (the opening where a bowel movement – “poop” – comes out). The genital area in others,includes the penis, scrotum (“balls”), urethra, and anus.

Fortunately, you can reduce your chances of getting many STIs by practicing safer sex. Most STIs, though not all, can be successfully cured through treatment. For other STIs, there are effective home remedies,
medication that can help you manage your condition.

Add Your Heading TeWhat Do the Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Look Like?


To find out if you have syphilis, the doctor must do a blood test.

Syphilis is easily treated with penicillin. However, left untreated, syphilis is a deadly disease, and can kill a person years after infection.

The first sign of syphilis is often a sore that doesn’t hurt and goes away even if you don’t take any medicine. This sore is called a chancre. It usually appears on the penis, vagina, or rectum. Syphilis is most easily spread when someone has a chancre.

There is usually only one chancre, but sometimes there are more. The chancre is usually round. It often looks like several layers of skin are missing. Women who don’t get treated for syphilis can give it to their unborn babies. Often these babies are born dead or have brain damage!

These are other signs of syphilis:

Losing patches of hair
Losing eyebrows
A rash on the body (anywhere on the body)
A rash on the bottom of the feet or the palms of the hands are another symptom of syphilis. You cannot get syphilis by touching the skin of someone with this rash, unless there are open sores.

Most men and women with syphilis will go through a period of time when they have no signs of syphilis. They don’t feel sick, BUT they still have syphilis.

This can happen after the chancre has gone away, but before the rash appears. This can also happen after the rash goes away or their hair starts growing back.

Syphilis can also be transmitted via unprotected oral sex, from genitals to mouth or mouth to genitals.



Gonorrhea and chlamydia are both bacteria and easily treated.

The symptoms of gonorrhea and chlamydia are very similar. Men and women often complain of a discharge, frequent urination, or burning when they urinate. In gonorrhea, the discharge is often white.

In chlamydia, the discharge is usually clear. Very often people infected with gonorrhea or chlamydia may not have any symptoms! Both gonorrhea and chlamydia are spread by coming in contact with the discharge.

Both gonorrhea and chlamydia can be transmitted from genitals to mouth and from mouth to genitals during oral sex that is unprotected. If a woman is not treated for either of these diseases, it could lead to a severe infection in her reproductive organs which could cause infertility.


Genital Warts


Genital warts are caused by a virus called the human papilloma virus. The warts can be removed, but the person will have the virus for the rest of their life.

It is very common for the warts to reappear after they have been removed. Genital warts are spread by coming in contact with the wart, but often the warts can not be seen. Genital warts can also differ in appearance.

The warts can be removed, but there is no cure for this disease! In addition, using a condom will not prevent transmission of the virus if the condom does not completely cover the warts.


The scabies mite can be transmitted during sex, or close physical contact with a friend or family member. They burrow under the skin and cause severe itching. This can produce sores.

Scabies is easily treated with a special cream and by washing all clothes and bedding.



Herpes is caused by a virus. There are two types of herpes: herpes simplex virus-1 and herpes simplex virus-2. You can get both types by having sex.

The symptom of both types of herpes is a group of small sores or blisters that hurt. Sometimes the sores cannot be seen. Herpes is usually spread by coming in contact with the sores.

Sometimes herpes can be spread even when the sores are gone. Medicine can be given to make the sores go away faster, but the person will have the virus the rest of their life.

The picture at left is an example of someone with anal herpes lesions. Some people have an outbreak of sores on a regular basis.



This is one of the most common STIs. It is caused by a bacterium that exists in vaginal secretions and semen. It can be spread by vaginal, oral, or anal sex without a condom or latex/polyurethane barrier. Pregnant wpeople can pass it on to their babies during delivery.

Chlamydia can be successfully treated with antibiotics. Symptoms may include vaginal discharge and burning during urination, but most people do not have any symptoms.

If left untreated, it can spread to the upper, internal reproductive organs (ovaries and fallopian tubes) and cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID can lead to permanent infertility, meaning that it may be difficult or impossible to become pregnant.

The women health organisation recommends yearly chlamydia screening for all sexually active women under the age of 25, as well as for older women with risk factors, such as new or multiple sex partners. Unfortunately, recent reports show that less than half of sexually active women under 25 are screened for chlamydia, in part because of a lack of awareness among health care providers.


NOTE 1: If you test positive and are treated, it is important that your partner receive treatment in order to prevent reinfection.

The overuse of antibiotics promotes antibiotic resistance) this means that when you take too much of antibiotics it will not work again and secondly antibiotic treatment will cause a drop in the blood count, including the numbers of white cells that fight infection, that is why most of the antibiotics your doctor recommended for you is not working anymore and the infection keeps coming back

What you should go for are Herbal Medicines because Herbal Medicine:

✓Reduced side effects. Because herbal medicines are natural, the body often responds favorably to them.
✓Increased savings.
✓Prescription medications are expensive with side effects in some
✓ Herbal Helps with Self-healing.
✓ Herbals Improved overall health



HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. It is present in blood, vaginal secretions, semen, and breast milk. HIV can be spread through vaginal, oral, or anal sex when a condom, other latex/polyurethane barrier, or treatment-as-prevention method is not used. As many as one in seven people living with HIV in Africa/US do not know they have the virus.

Getting tested for HIV is part of routine, regular health care in many countries.

The World Health Organization (WHO) makes different suggestions based on where you live. Where HIV is widespread, it recommends that HIV testing be offered to anyone who goes to a health care facility. Where HIV is less common, it suggests that HIV tests be offered to people who may be at higher risk of having been exposed to HIV.

It is important that you also get tested if:

You have ever had vaginal, anal, or oral sex without a condom
You have ever shared needles or syringes to inject drugs or other substances
You are uncertain of your partner’s status, or your partner is living with HIV
You are pregnant or are considering becoming pregnant
You have ever been diagnosed with an STI or STD
You have hepatitis C
You begin treatment for tuberculosis (TB)

If left untreated, HIV can cause serious illness and death. If you test positive for HIV, there are effective medications that can help you stay well for a very long time.

When a person living with HIV is taking HIV drugs and their viral load stays at undetectable levels (not enough HIV in the blood for a test to measure), that person cannot transmit HIV to a sexual partner who is HIV-negative.

Further, if you are not living with HIV, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a drug a health care provider can prescribe to prevent you from acquiring HIV – similar to the way daily birth control pills help people avoid becoming pregnant. These HIV treatment-as-prevention methods only prevent HIV – not any of the other STIs described in this fact sheet.

You cannot get the health care and treatment you need if you do not know your HIV status. For Treatment of HIV/AIDS please go to the hospital let your doctor assist you with information on how to manage it and also get treatment the truth is having any one of sexually transmitted diseases can make you have HIV if you do not get treatment fast about your sexually transmitted diseases

My article is meant to educate you about HIV, i do not have treatment for HIV/AIDS, so if you tested positive please see your healthcare providers because HIV is now treatable with medicine but very expensive so therefore do not let your STD/STI/UTI stay longer in your body because some sexually transmitted diseases are even more deadlier than HIV. GOOD HEALTH IS WEALTH please invest in your health


Other Sexually Transmitted Infections to Know About

This STI is caused by a bacterium. Symptoms may include genital sores, vaginal discharge, a burning feeling when urinating, and swollen lymph nodes in the groin. It can be spread by vaginal or anal sex or skin-to-skin contact with sores.

Hepatitis is an inflammation (irritation) of the liver. Some types of hepatitis are caused by viruses that exist in blood, vaginal secretions, semen, and breast milk. These include hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV), both of which can be sexually transmitted. There is a vaccine to prevent HBV, but not HCV. Both can become chronic (long-term) and very serious. Because HBV and HCV often have no symptoms, most people do not know that they have the infection. If there are symptoms, they can include fatigue, nausea, vomiting, yellowing of the skin or eyes, dark urine or abdominal (belly) pain. It is important for people living with HIV to be tested for HBV and HCV and treated, if necessary. Hepatitis C can be cured.

Pubic Lice (“Crabs”)

Pubic lice live in the pubic hair (the hair around the genitals) and can be transmitted by skin-to-skin contact. They can also be spread through infected clothes and bedding. Symptoms may include intense itching and seeing lice or eggs in the hair. Pubic lice can be treated with over-the-counter medications. However, pregnant people must use products specially designed for them. Contaminated clothes, sheets, pillowcases, blankets, and towels should be washed in hot water and laundry soap to kill lice and eggs and to prevent being infected again.


This STI is caused by a single-celled germ called a protozoa. It can be spread during vaginal, oral, or anal sex without a condom or latex/polyurethane barrier. Trichomoniasis is a common cause of vaginal infections. Symptoms may include a foamy, foul-smelling vaginal discharge and itching. Sometimes there are no symptoms at all. Trichomoniasis can be successfully treated with Herbs. When a woman is infected with trichomoniasis, she and her sexual partner must both be treated, or the untreated partner can re-infect her.

Protecting Yourself and Others

You can greatly reduce your risk of getting sexually transmitted infections by practicing safer sex. Some STIs such as genital warts, herpes, and syphilis can be spread through contact with infected skin that is not covered by condoms or other barriers. Here are some tips for protecting yourself:

Use a latex condom for vaginal and anal sex or a plastic condom if you are sensitive to latex

The internal (female) condom can also prevent many sexually transmitted infections

Use condoms without lubricant for oral sex on a man

Use latex or plastic barriers, such as a dental dam or plastic wrap, for oral sex on a woman or for oral-anal sex; use latex or plastic gloves if you have cuts or sores on your hands

Use water-based lubricants (KY, Astroglide) with latex condoms or barriers

DO NOT use oil-based products (Vaseline, coconut or other vegetable oil, body lotions) because they destroy latex

Do not use lubricants or condoms that contain nonoxynol-9 (N-9), which can damage the lining of the vagina or anus and increase the chances of acquiring HIV

Wash shared sex toys (dildos, vibrators) or put on a fresh condom between users

Know that some methods of birth control, such as birth control pills, shots, implants, or diaphragms, will not protect you from sexually transmitted infections. If you use one of these methods, also use a latex condom.

Talk with your sex partner(s) about sexually transmitted infections and using condoms

Talk honestly with your health care provider and your sex partner(s) about any sexually transmitted infections you or your partner has or has had

Have regular pelvic exams and cervical cancer screenings, but remember that cervical cancer screening tests do not screen for sexually transmitted infections other than HPV

Talk to your health care provider about having a routine sexually transmitted infection screening as part of your annual physical or gynecological exam

Do not share needles or syringes for injecting drugs or other substances; if you do share drug equipment, be sure to clean your works

The Bottom Line

There are many sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. Some can be cured with treatment. Some, like HIV, hepatitis B, and herpes, cannot be cured, but can be managed. Many can cause serious health and fertility problems, or even death, if left untreated. Practicing safer sex can protect you from many, but not all, STIs.

See your health care provider right away if:

You have had sexual contact with someone who may have an STI
You have symptoms like genital sores, discharge, or burning when you urinate
You are pregnant
It is important for you to get tested regularly for STIs if:

You are sexually active
You have sex with more than one partner
Your partner has sex with people other than you
Many STIs do not have symptoms. If needed, get the treatment your health care provider recommends. Even if the symptoms go away, you still need to finish treatment. If symptoms continue after treatment, see your health care provider. Also make sure your partner(s) get(s) treated, so that you do not pass an infection back and forth.



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